20. Must an Estonian company have a seal(stamp)?
In Estonia a company seal is not required. It is enough when documents (contracts etc) are signed by the board member of the company who is registered in the commercial register or by an authorised person who has been given a power of attorney by a board member of the company. Entries in the commercial register are public. Everyone has the right to examine the business files, and to obtain copies of documents in the business files.
This means that the information in the register is valid and third persons can rely on that information when signing contracts etc. Since year 2000 persons who have an Estonian ID card can sign almost all documents also digitally. Digital signature is equal to notarized signature.
The requirements for certifying documents may differ from country to country, so if a company seal is needed in some country we can order it for you.